Comparison of Educational Approaches

Montessori

Traditional

Waldorf

Teacher
has an unobtrusive role – facilitator
Teacher is centre
of class – controller
Teacher plays
a performance role – entertainer
Teacher stays
with one class for 3 years
Teacher changes
yearly
Teacher stays
with children 7 years
Environment
and method – encourages self discipline
Teacher acts as
primary enforcer of discipline
Teacher acts
as role model – positive discipline
Mainly individual
instruction
Mainly group instruction
The teacher
orchestrates group activities
Child chooses
activities that appeal to their specific developmental
need.
Teaching done
by teacher
Teaching
done by teacher
Child centred
learning
Instructions
set by group norm
Curriculum
centred learning
Child reinforces
own learning through repetition and internal feeling
of success
Work is corrected,
errors pointed out by teacher
No traditional
testing or assessment procedures
Multi-sensory
materials for physical exploration – learning
is active
Multifunctional
learning aids which have many outcomes
Oral lessons
– creative learning
Children
are given freedom of movement within safe boundaries
yet not disturb others at work
Children are
assigned to tasks, seats, required to participate, sit
still and join groups
Teacher directs
movements of children